If you know you've gotten too much sun, take 2 aspirin tablets
before the redness appears; repeat every 4 hours for up to 6
If a burn blisters, cover it with a clean saline (salt
water)-soaked compress and seek medical attention for
evaluation and treatment.
Cool Off Sunburn
Cool off your sunburn with a sprite bottle of water and a fan.
Spray your sunburn with water and allow the cooling breeze
from the fan to hit the affected areas.
Definition and Treatment
A first-degree burn involves only the outer layer of skin. The
skin is dry, painful and sensitive to touch. A mild sunburn is
a good example.
Treating sunburn involves watching for signs of dehydration
and heat exhaustion.
Cool baths or compresses can be soothing.
A mild fever and headache can accompany a sunburn. Lie down in
a cool, quiet room to relieve headache.
Drink lots of water.
There is nothing you can do to prevent peeling. Lotion can
help relieve itching.
Second degree burns involve several layers of skin. The skin
becomes swollen, puffy, weepy or blistered.
Run cold tap water over the burn for 10 to 15 minutes. Cold
water is the best immediate treatment for minor burns. The
cold lowers the skin temperature and lessens the severity of
the burn. Do not use ice, as it may further damage the injured
Do not put salve, butter, grease, oil or ointment on a burn.
They increase the risk of infection and don't help heal the
Milk to Treat
Soothing milk compresses for sunburn treatment:
Mix 1 cup of skim milk with 4 cups of water and add a few ice
cubes. Let stand for 5 or 10 minutes to chill.
Soak a clean cloth with the solution, apply to sunburn for 15
to 20 minutes; repeat every 2 hours.
No Butter to Burns
DO NOT apply butter, Vaseline, or any oily substance to a
burn. The oil promotes further burning of the tissue and
attracts germs which may cause infection. Stick with cool
water, saline, or apple cider vinegar.
Treating Minor Burns
Minor burns, such as sunburn, can be effectively treated by
applying apple cider vinegar via a clean cotton pad to the
affected area as soon as possible after the injury has
Care of a Skin Graft
It is a must that you prevent the wound dressing from sticking
to the graft. The graft will peel off along with the dressing.
Many physicians recommend the use of sterile Vaseline gauze.
Do Not Use Bar Soap
to Cleanse Wounds
Treat minor cuts and scrapes by cleansing with a liquid
antibacterial soap, such as Dial. Bar soaps hold germs and
could cause a wound infection.
Hand washing and
The most important measure in preventing wound infection is
thorough hand washing before and after wound care. You should
wash your hands with a mild antibacterial soap for at least 10
to 15 seconds under running warm water and dry your hands with
a paper towel rather than a hand towel.
Application of an OTC (over-the-counter) antibacterial
ointment, such as triple antibiotic ointment, speeds healing
and lessens scarring.
Saline and Wound
Saline is an effective and natural wound cleanser. To make
your own saline, boil a quart of water for 5 minutes and add 1
teaspoon of table salt. Store it in a sterile glass jar in the
refrigerator and discard it after 24 hours. DO NOT use this
solution in your eyes.
Don't forget to get a tetanus booster within 24 hours of
cutting yourself if it has been longer than 5 years since your
Unstick That Bandaid
If your wound or scab is stuck to the bandage, soak it in
saline solution, a teaspoon of salt per quart of water.
If the bandage is stuck on body hair, pull in the direction of
the hair growth after loosening the adhesive with alcohol.